Several governing bodies are responsible for specifying and standardizing the various protocols and how they operate.
Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) – they are responsible in developing, discussing and agreeing on standards for the Internet’s “core” protocols. They elect leadership groups called Internet Architecture Board (IAB) and Internet Engineering Steering Group (IESG)
Internet Architecture Board (IAB) – provide architectural guidance to activities in IETF and to perform a number of other tasks such as appointing liaisons to other standards-defining organizations (SDOs)
Internet Engineering Steering Group (IESG) – decision-making authority regarding the creation and approval of new standards, along with modifications to existing standards.
Internet Research Task Force (IRTF) – explores protocols, architectures and procedures that are not deemed mature enough for standardization.
Internet Society (ISOC) – help influence and promote worldwide policies and education regarding Internet technologies and usage
Request for Comments (RFC) – it is what official and published standards in the Internet community are called.
Categories of RFC
- Standards-track – considered to be official standards
- Best current practice (BCP)
RFCs’s range in size from a few pages to several hundred, each identified by a no. They are all available for free from a no. of websites such as www.rfc-editor.org